Prof. Vittorio Magnago Lampugnani, M.A. Maik Hoemke
Module 1: URBAN SPACE
Urban Space will focus on the connection between analysis and design in an urbanity that is primarily exhibited in the historical context, i.e., in the adherence to a humane, spatially aesthetic and sustainable design that also functions. The growing gap between analysis and design in recent years has led to notable weaknesses in architectural and urban planning. The reunification of analysis and design is necessary for achieving solutions of high cultural and aesthetic quality by means of scientifically quantifiable, technical and functional methods. The way in which to achieve this goal has been the source of numerous and diverse publications.
Camillo Sitte’s Der Städte-Bau nach seinen künstlerischen Grundsätzen (1889) has been regarded as sparking the debate on aesthetic urban design, and we have Sitte to thank for bringing an awareness of urban space to the center of focus in urban design planning. Cornelius Gurlitt’s Handbuch des Städtebaues (1920) powerfully exemplifies the necessity to merge practical and creative requirements in dealing with urban situations. The American Vitruvius: An Architects'
Handbook of Civic Art (Hegemann und Peets 1922) assembles historical examples of urban design from American cities and views these in terms of their spatial and architectural urban qualities. A study carried out by Alban Janson and Thorsten Bürklin (2002) applying a phenomenological research method, is a current example of a research study aimed at detecting urban quality. In addition to the works mentioned here, which only partly reflect the planned research intent, Christian Mäckler at the University of Dortmund is currently working on Handbuch Stadtbaukunst, a handbook that studies exemplary designs and points out legal and institutional conflicts. A gap in research is evident in the lack of studies that contain quantifiable and comparable data on urban qualities from the historical, design and
sociological standpoints that can be applied to current urban design projects.