History and Theory in Architecture IX

Lecture History and Theory in Architecture IX (063-0805-22)
Organizer: Professur Avermaete
Lecturers: Prof. Tom Avermaete, Dr. Hans Teerds, Nadi Abusaada, Thomas Chapman, Lahbib El Moumni, Niloofar Rasooli
Time: 08:50 - 09:35
Location: HIL E1
 


Sau Paulo, 2019

Cities are the most common human habitat today. Moreover, it is expected that within the next few decades two-thirds of the world's population will live in urban areas. This fact, however, is rather symbolic. The terms used, ‘urban’ and ‘city’, after all, do not refer to a single condition. ‘Urban’ might refer to an area like Manhattan, as well as to the suburbs of New York. Likewise, when using the term ‘city’, we might indicate a variety of settlements, like Johannesburg, São Paulo, Tokyo, Laos, Cairo, Kiev, Paris, London, Dubai, as well as Zurich, Bern, and Zug. In short, the urban condition thus varies quite a bit, from sprawling suburbs to historic inner cities, and from super-luxury apartment buildings to the unbearable conditions of the unhoused, and from cities in the West to cities in the so-called Global South. However, it is still valuable to examine the ‘urban’ condition today, as it is in the urban territory that the challenges of our time become prominent. From climate change to segregation, and from the housing issue to the pandemic, all these contemporary crises become visible and tangible within cities, forming a particular challenge for the inhabitants of cities.

In this course, which is offered by the Chair of the History and Theory of Urban Design (Avermaete) as part of the History and Theory of Architecture IX lecture series, students will be introduced to a variety of themes that are at stake in today’s urban condition. As such, it offers an introduction to the many studies, within academia and in politics, as well as in design- and development practices, that aim to understand today’s challenges, as well as to develop strategies to face these challenges. The ambition of the course is to offer an introduction to urban theory for students of architecture and urban design. The course explores both past and current discourses on cities and urban developments, with a special focus on the contemporary challenges that are tangible within urban territories..

More information on the course can be found on the handout .

Lectures are held on Fridays, 8.50–9.35 am, Room HIL E1, but will also be broadcast online.
The livestream can be found via https://video.ethz.ch/live/lectures.html, and recordings can be found at https://video.ethz.ch/lectures/d-arch/2022/autumn/063-0805-22L.html



Lecture 01 – Friday Sept 23, 2022 – Introduction – Hans Teerds
Compulsory Reading
Neil Brenner, ‘What is Critical Urban Theory’, in: City, Vol. 13, no. 2-3, 2009 

Recommended Reading
Edward Glaeser, The Triumph of the City. London: Macmillan, 2011 [Chapter ‘Conclusion: Flat World Tall City’, pp. 247–270] 
Seth Schindler, ‘Towards a Paradigm of Southern Urbanism’, in: City, Vol. 21, no. 1, 2017 

Lecture Slides 

Lecture 02 – Friday Sept 30, 2022 – Politics – Hans Teerds and Thomas Chapman
Compulsory Reading
Aristotle, Politics. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press 1995 [Book VII, Political Ideas and Educational Principles (Chapters 1–12), pp. 251–279 

Recommended Reading
Henri Lefebre, ‘The Right to the City’, in: Joan Ockman, Architecture Culture 1943–1968: A Documentary Anthology. New York: Rizzoli, 1993 
Richard Sennett, Flash and Stone: The Body and the City in Western Civilization. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1994 [Chapter 2, ‘The Citizens Voice’, pp. 52–67] 

Lecture Slides 

Lecture 03 – Friday Oct 7, 2022 – Public Space – Hans Teerds and Niloofar Rasooli
Compulsory Reading
Michael Sorkin (ed.), Variations on a Theme Park: The New American City and the
End of Public Space. New York: Hill and Wang, 1992 [‘Introduction: Variations on a
Themepark’, pp. xi–xv]
 

Recommended Reading
Jan Gehl, Life Between Buildings: Using Public Space. Copenhagen: The Danish Architectural Press, 2006 [1971] [Chapter 1. ‘Three Types of Outdoor Activities’, pp. 11–16; ‘Life Between Buildings’, pp. 17–32] 
Maarten Hajer and Arnold Reijndorp, In Search of a New Public Domain. Rotterdam: NAi Publishers, 2001 [‘The Public Domain as Perspective’, pp. 7–17] 

Lecture Slides 

Lecture 04 – Friday Oct 14, 2022 – Capital – Hans Teerds
Compulsory Reading
Saskia Sassen, ‘The Global City: Strategic Site/New Frontier’, in: Susan S. Fainstein and Scott Campbell (eds.), Readings in Urban Theory. London: Blackwell Publishing, 2011, pp. 55–72 

Recommended Reading
David Harvey, The Urban Experience. Baltimore/London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989 [Chapter 1: ‘The Urbanization of Capital’, pp. 17–58]  
Henri Pirenne, Medieval Cities: Their Origins and the Revival of Trade. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2014 [Chapter V, ‘The Revival of Commerce’, pp. 49–67] 

Lecture Slides 


Lecture 05 – Friday Oct 21, 2022 – Climate Change – Hans Teerds
Compulsory Reading
World Commission on Environment and Development, ‘Towards Sustainable Development’, in: Stephen M. Wheeler and Timothy Beatly, The Sustainable Urban Development Reader, London/New York, Routledge, 2014 

Recommended Reading
William McDonnough, ‘Design, Ecology, Ethics, and the Making of Things’, in: Stephen M. Wheeler and Timothy Beatly, The Sustainable Urban Development Reader, London/New York, Routledge, 2014 
Mark Whitehead, ‘Neoliberal Urban Environmentalism and the Adaptive City: Towards a Critical Urban Theory and Climate Change’, in: Urban Studies, Vol. 50, No. 7, Special Issue: Cities, Urbanisation and Climate Change, May 2013 

Lecture Slides 


Lecture 06 – Friday Nov 4, 2022 – Technology – Hans Teerds
Compulsory Reading
Anthony M. Townsend, Smart City, Big Data, Civic Hackers, and the Quest for a
New Utopia. New York: Norton & Company, 2013 [Chapter 10: ‘A New Civics for a
Smart Century’, pp. 282–320]
 

Recommended Reading
Louis H. Sullivan, ‘The Tall Office Building Artistically Considered’. In: Lippincottís Magazine, March 1896 
Antoine Picon, and Thomas Shya Hill, ‘Is the City Becoming Computable?’ in: Sergio M. Figueiredo, Sukanya Krishnamurthy, and Torsten Schroeder (eds.), Architecture and the Smart City. London/New York: Routledge, 2020 

Lecture Slides 

Lecture 07 – Friday Nov 11, 2022 – Tourism – Hans Teerds
Compulsory Reading
Sharon Zukin, Naked City: The Death and Life of Authentic Urban Places. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010 ['Conclusion: Destination Culture and the Crisis of Authenticity', pp. 219–246] 

Recommended Reading
Donald McNeill, ‘The Bilbao Effect’, in: Susan S. Fainstein and Scott Campbell (eds.), Readings in Urban Theory. London: Blackwell Publishing, 2011, pp. 303–318 
John Urry, The Tourist Gaze: Leisure and Travel in Contemporary Societies. London: Sage, 1990 [‘The Tourist Gaze’, pp. 1–15] 

Lecture Slides 

Lecture 08 – Friday Nov 18, 2022 – Migration – Hans Teerds and Nadi Abusaada
Compulsory Reading
Doug Saunders, Arrival City: How the Largest Migration in History is Reshaping Our World. New York: Vintage Books, 2012 [Chapter 1: ‘Introduction’] 

Recommended Reading
Esra Akcan, ‘Open Architecture, Rightlessness, and Citizens-to-Come’, in: Irene Cheng, Charles L. Davis II, and Mabel O. Wilson (eds.), Race and Modern Architecture: A Critical History from the Enlightenment to the Present. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2020, pp. 324–338 
Hannah Arendt, ‘We Refugees’, in: Marc Robinson (ed.), Altogether Elsewhere: Writers on Exile. London/Boston: Faber and Faber, 1994, pp. 110–119  

Lecture Slides 

Lecture 09 – Friday Nov 25, 2022 – Housing – Hans Teerds and Lhabib Elmoumni
Compulsory Reading
Mathew Desmond, Evicted, Poverty and Profit in the American City. New York: Broadway Books, 2016. [‘Epilogue: Home and Hope’, pp. 293–314]  

Recommended Reading
Mike Davis, ‘The Prevalence of Slums’, in: Susan S. Fainstein and Scott Campbell (eds.), Readings in Urban Theory. London: Blackwell Publishing, 2011, pp. 440–459 
Loretta Lees, ‘Planetary Gentrification and Urban (Re)Development,’ in: Urban Development Issues, Vol. 61, no. 1, 2019 

Lecture Slides 


Lecture 10 – Friday Dec 2, 2022 – Architectural Agency – Hans Teerds
Compulsory Reading
Joan C. Tronto, ‘Caring Architecture’, in: Angelika Fitz and Elke Krasny (eds.), Critical Care. Architecture and Urbanism for a Broken Planet. Cambridge, MA/Wien: The MIT Press/Architekturzentrum Wien, 2019 

Recommended Reading
Susan Fainstein, The Just City. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2010 [Chapter: ‘Justice and Urban Transformation: Planning in Context’, pp. 57–86] 
Aldo Rossi, The Architecture of the City. Cambridge, MA/London: The MIT Press, 1984 [‘Introduction: Urban Artifacts and a Theory of the City’, pp. 21–27] 


Session 11 – Friday Dec 9, 2022 – Exam



For more information and further questions, please contact Dr. Hans Teerds, hans.teerds@gta.arch.ethz.ch